Discretionary choices (a.k.a. junk food)

Discretionary choices, discretionary foods, non-core foods, energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods are some of the names given to junk food. These are foods that should not represent a large part of a person’s food intake. Nutrient profile These foods typically contain a high amount of saturated fat, added salt, added sugar and/or alcohol (1). As a general […]

cruciferous vegetables

What are cruciferous vegetables and are they healthy?

Cruciferous vegetables (a.k.a. Brassica) are a group of vegetables named for their cross-shaped flowers. They include broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, Brussel sprouts, broccoli sprouts, Chinese broccoli, Chinese cabbage, collards and kale. (1, 2, 3). All these vegetables contain organic sulphur-containing compounds with a characteristic foul smell (2). These compounds have been investigated for their potential health […]

health benefits of nuts

Health benefits of nuts

The health benefits of nuts are widely accepted in many cultures. Most traditional cuisines incorporate nuts in one way or another. Nuts are part of many dietary patterns, including vegan (raw or regular), vegetarian, pescetarian, paleo, keto, Mediterranean, etc. Tree nuts and peanuts Tree nuts include walnuts, almonds, macadamia nuts, etc. Peanuts are botanically legumes, […]

caffeine and performance

Caffeine and performance

Caffeine is a known ergogenic (i.e. performance-enhancing) substance used by many athletes participating in various disciplines. But does it work for all types of exercise? What are the mechanisms behind caffeine and performance? How does it impact health? Caffeine as a supplement Caffeine is an alkaloid present in plants such as coffee that acts as […]

food allergy

Food allergy, intolerance and preference

Do you know what is the difference between a food allergy, a food intolerance and a food preference? Why would you care? Well, if you work in an industry that involves serving or selling food to people (food manufacturer, restaurant, cafe, pub, bar, hospital, aged care facility, school, airline, catering company, hotel, bed & breakfast, […]